Romania is the largest country in southeastern Europe (the ninth largest country of the European Union by area) and the twelfth-largest in Europe and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with over 19 million people. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the tenth largest city in the EU with about two million people. An international study in 2006 for Romania came to the conclusion that it was the world's second-fastest economic reformer (after the country of Georgia, in the Caucasus area).
Total Area: 238,391 km2 (92,043 sq. miles)
Population: 21,904,551 (2011 census)
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania borders with Hungary and Serbia to its west, Ukraine and Moldova to its northeast and east respectively, and with Bulgaria to its south.
Following the fall of the Iron Curtain and the 1989 Revolution, Romania began its transition towards democracy and largely formed a capitalist market economy. After a decade of post-revolution economic difficulties, extensive reforms fostered economic recovery making Romania now an upper middle-income country with high human development levels.
Romania joined NATO on 29 March 2004, the European Union on 1 January 2007 and is also a member of the Latin Union, of the Francophonie, the OSCE, the WTO, the BSEC and the United Nations. Nowadays, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the Government.
Sources: Wikipedia, Romania.org
Largely due to its distance from the open sea and position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is transitional between temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) in the south and 8 °C (46 °F) in the north. The most extreme recorded Romanian temperatures ever, were 44.5 °C (112.1 °F) at Ion Sion in 1951 and -38.5 °C (-37.3 °F) at Bod in 1942.
Just like any other nation, the topography of a country also plays a role in its climatic conditions and this could be no different for Romania as well. Romania's terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountainous, hilly and lowland territories. The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain ranges reaching above 2,000 metres (6,600 feet), and the highest point at Moldoveanu Peak at 2,544 metres (8,346 feet). These are surrounded by the Moldavian and Transylvanian plateaus and Pannonian and Wallachian plains. Romania's geographical diversity has led to an accompanying diversity of both its flora and fauna.
A large part of Romania's border with Serbia and Bulgaria is formed by the Danube. The Prut River, one of its major tributaries, becomes a natural border with the Republic of Moldova. The Danube flows into the Black Sea within Romania's territory forming the Danube Delta, the second largest and best preserved delta in Europe, as well as a biosphere reserve and also a renowned biodiversity World Heritage Site.
Due to Romania's geographic location, and thus its mountainous distributions on its landscape, there exists a varied range of local winds. Humid winds from the northwest are most common, but often the drier winds from the northeast are strongest. A hot southwesterly wind, the austru (cf. lat. Auster), blows over western Romania, particularly in summer. In winter, cold and dense air masses encircle the eastern portions of the country, with the cold northeasterly known as the crivăț blowing in from the Russian Plain, and oceanic air masses from the Azores, in the west, bring rain and mitigate the severity of the cold. Romania enjoys four seasons, though there seems to be a rather fast transition from winter to summer. Autumn is frequently longer, with dry warm weather from September to late November.
Spring is pleasant with cool mornings and nights and warm days. Summers are generally very warm to hot, with summer (June to August) average maximum temperatures in Bucharest rising to 28 °C (82 °F), and temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) fairly common in the lower-lying areas of the country. Minima in Bucharest and other lower-lying areas are around 16 °C (61 °F). Autumn is dry and cool, with fields and trees producing colorful foliage. Winters can be cold, with average maxima even in lower-lying areas reaching no more than 2 °C (36 °F) and below −15 °C (5 °F) in the highest mountains. Precipitation is average with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains—much of it falling as snow, which allows for an extensive skiing industry. In the south-central parts of the country (around Bucharest) the level of precipitation drops to around 600 mm (24 in), while in the Danube Delta, rainfall levels are very low, and average only around 370 mm.
Sources: Wikipedia, geography.about, infoplease
From 2000 onwards, the Romanian economy was transformed into one of relative macroeconomic stability which was characterised by high growth, low unemployment levels and a declining inflation.
Romania's main exports are cars, software, clothing and textiles, industrial machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, metallurgic products, raw materials, military equipment, pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, and agricultural products (fruits, vegetables, and flowers). Trade is mostly centred on the member states of the European Union, with Germany and Italy being the country's single largest trading partners.
After a series of privatisations and reforms in the late 1990s and 2000s (decade), government intervention in the Romanian economy is somewhat lower than in other European economies. In 2005, the government replaced Romania's progressive tax system with a flat tax rate of 16% for both personal income and corporate profit, resulting in the country having one of the lowest fiscal burdens in the European Union, a factor which has contributed to the growth of the private sector.
Since 2000, Romania has attracted increasing amounts of foreign investment, becoming the single largest investment destination in Southeastern and Central Europe. Foreign direct investment was valued at €8.3 billion in 2006. According to a 2011 World Bank report, Romania currently ranks 72nd out of 175 economies in the ease of doing business, scoring lower than other countries in the region such as the Czech Republic.
All transportation infrastructure in Romania is the property of the state, and is administered by the Ministry of Transports, Constructions and Tourism, except when operated as a concession, in which case the concessions are made by the Ministry of Administration and Interior.
Sources: Wikipedia, cia factbook, infoplease
According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, Romania is the fourth fastest growing country in the world in terms of travel and tourism total demand, with a yearly potential growth of 8% from 2007 to 2016. The number of International tourist arrivals in Romania was 7,575,000 in 2009.
Over the last years, Romania has emerged as a popular tourist destination for many Europeans (more than 60% of the foreign visitors in 2007 were from EU countries), thus attempting to compete with Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Spain. Destinations such as Mangalia, Saturn, Venus, Neptun, Olimp, Constanța and Mamaia (sometimes called the Romanian Riviera) are among the most popular attractions during summer. During winter, the skiing resorts along the Valea Prahovei and Poiana Brașov are popular with foreign visitors.
Tourism focuses on the country's natural landscapes and its rich history and is a significant contributor to the Romanian economy. In 2006, domestic and international tourism generated about 4.8% of gross domestic product and 5.8% of the total jobs (about half a million jobs). Following commerce, tourism is the second largest component of the services sector. Tourism is one of the most dynamic and fastest developing sectors of the economy of Romania and is characterized by a huge potential for development. Also in 2006, Romania registered 20 million overnight stays by international tourists, an all-time record. Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005 alone, with figures growing in the 1-2 years since early 2012 and following a very slow but gradual economic recovery.
In terms of tourism potential, Romania benefits from splendid cities, scattered on the smooth plains or high peaks. These include Sibiu, a city built by Saxons, with cobblestone streets and colorful houses. The Hunyad Castle, one of the most important monuments of Gothic architecture in Transylvania, can be visited in the picturesque city of Hunedoara. Also, resorts such as Băile Felix, Băile Herculane and Băile Tușnad are points of interest for local and foreign tourists. Not forgetting the Romanian seaside which is the most developed tourist area of Romania. In 2009 alone, Romania's Black Sea resort area was visited by 1.3 million tourists, of whom 400,000 were from overseas.
Sources: Europe.UNWTO.org (2011), WTTC (2009-10)Wikipedia, tradingeconomics
Car Hire in Romania with MisterHire.Com
For their medieval atmosphere and castles, Transylvanian cities such as Sibiu, Bra?ov, Sighi?oara, Cluj-Napoca, Târgu Mure? or Miercurea-Ciuc have become major tourist attractions for overseas visitors. Rural tourism, focusing on folklore and traditions, has only nowadays become an important alternative and is targeted to promote such sites as Bran and its Dracula's Castle, the Painted churches of Northern Moldavia, the Wooden churches of Maramure? and Salaj, or the Merry Cemetery in Maramure? County (at Sapân?a). Other major natural attractions, such as the Iron Gates (Danube Gorge), the Danube Delta, Scari?oara Cave and several other caves in the Apuseni Mountains which have yet to receive great tourist acclaim. Once you have flown there, it is clear that one of the best 3 logical options to consider in terms of getting around in Romania and having some time to explore, is either by a rental car or rail. Suffice to mention that opting to hire a rental car for a few days or a week, will allow any visitor to view Romanian attractions at his/her own pace and thus be allowed to discover a land of rich alpine mountains and medieval traditions, deserted beaches and unending hospitality amongst the locals.
If you choose to visit Romania, or indeed its capital Bucharest, or indeed any other Romanian city and rent one of our cars, be sure that you will be impressed by the energy of this tradition-rich country which embraces a charm and zest of its own against other European capitals. Apart from the inland territories, Romania’s Black Sea Coast stretches over 200 Km, with resorts spread out over the entire coastline; such as Mamaia, Eforie, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Neptun, and Mangalia. Relax by spending time on the golden sandy beaches, enjoy all types of water sports, and even visit the famous Murfatlar Winery and combine it with a scrumptious meal which is in the range of its facilities.
Romania’s natural beauty, impressive cultural life and welcoming people have been hidden from the world for some years now, so allow our dedicated purchasing team which compares prices across all the main suppliers all over Romania such as Sixt, Europcar, Budget, Avis, Hertz as well as other carefully selected and reliable local suppliers to find you the best car rental rates possible, 24/7 all year round. Visit any of our pages and receive a concise Online quote today and see how much can be saved on your next car rental in Romania, simply by using our services.
Speed limits are generally 100 km/h outside of a city and 50 km/h within a town, city and/or village. In more detail, speed limits in Romania are:
• Towns and cities : 50 km/h (30 mph)
• National & Other Roads: 90-100 km/h (56-62 mph)
• Expressways :100 km/h (62 mph)
• Motorways : 130 km/h (81 mph)
The Romanian police is very tough on drunk driving - controls are very frequent - and basically any alcohol counts as drunk driving. It is therefore highly illegal to drive under the influence of alcohol (alcohol level over 0.1%). Given the very low limit set in Romania, it is perhaps best to avoid drinking any alcohol if you are going behind the steering wheel.
Source: Wikipedia, fco.gov.uk