With its right foot in one continent (Europe) and its left in another (Asia), Turkey is the world's 37th-largest country in terms of area. The country is encircled by seas on three sides: the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west and the Mediterranean to the south. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara in the northwest.
Total area: 783,562 km² (302,535 sq. miles)
Population: 74,724,269 million (2011 Estimate)
Modern Turkey encompasses bustling cosmopolitan centers, pastoral farming villages, barren wastelands, peaceful Aegean coastlines, and steep mountain regions. More than 70% of Turkey's population lives in urban areas. From the general population, there are at least 12 million (some estimate up to 20 million) Turkish citizens who assert a Kurdish identity, making them the largest ethnic minority in Turkey. Over the past decade, Turkey has undertaken many reforms to strengthen its democracy and economy; it began accession membership talks with the European Union in 2005.
Turkey is much larger than many European countries, or even Texas (18%) in the US. Out of total land, 97% is on the Asian continent and this part is called Anatolia or Asia Minor; 3% lies in EUROPE and is called (Eastern) Thrace; the Turkish Straits of Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles, lie etween these two land areas, its European part in the West and its Asian part in the East.
Turkey has the world's 15th largest GDP-PPP and 17th largest Nominal GDP. The country is a founding member of the OECD and the G-20 major economies.
Key sectors of the Turkish economy are home appliances, banking, construction, textiles, petrochemical products, electronics, oil refining, food, mining, iron and steel, machine industry and automotive. Turkey has a large and growing automotive industry, which produced 1,147,110 motor vehicles in 2008, ranking as the 6th largest producer in Europe (behind the UNITED KINGDOM and above ITALY) and the 15th largest producer in the world. Turkey is also one of the leading shipbuilding nations; in 2007 the country ranked 4th in the world (behind CHINA, SOUTH KOREA and JAPAN) in terms of the number of ordered ships, and also 4th in the world (behind Italy, USA and CANADA) in terms of the number of ordered mega yachts.
Sources: Wikipedia, Lonelyplanet
Meteorologists seem to agree that Turkey has seven distinct climatic regions, but for casual visitors, the most important distinctions are made between the coast with its moderate winter temperatures and hot, humid summers, and the inland areas with their extremely cold winters and excessively hot summers. Further to the east, the more bold these climatic extremes become, so that much of eastern Turkey is uncrossable with snow from December through to Mid April, with temperatures sometimes falling to around -12°C (10.4 F). In July and August temperatures rise rapidly and can exceed 45°C (113 F), making one’s path to the east even more uncomfortable.
The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. Weather down the coasts of Turkey bordering the Black Sea, offer a temperate Oceanic climate with warm, wet summers and cool to cold, wet winters. The Turkish Black Sea coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Turkey that receives the highest precipitation throughout the year.
In the last twenty years, tourism in Turkey experienced rapid growth and constitutes an important part of the economy. In 2008 there were just over 31 million overseas visitors in Turkey, who contributed about $22 billion to Turkey's revenues. Tourism is focused on a variety of historical sites, and on seaside resorts such as Bodrum, Izmir and Marmara along its Aegean and Mediterranean Sea coasts. In the recent years, Turkey has also become a popular destination for culture, spa, and health care tourism. In 2011 alone, Turkey attracted more than 31.5 million foreign tourists.
Turkey's largest city, Istanbul, has a number of major attractions derived from its historical status as capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. These include the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (the "Blue Mosque"), the Hagia Sophia, the Basilica Cistern, the Galata Tower, the Topkapi Palace, the Dolmabahçe Palace, the Grand Bazaar, the Spice Bazaar, and the Pera Palace Hotel. Istanbul has recently became one of the biggest shopping centers of the European region by hosting malls and shopping centers, such as Akmerkez, Metrocity and Cevahir Mall, which is the biggest mall in Europe and seventh largest shopping center in the world. Istanbul is one of the most important tourism spots not only in Turkey but also in the world. There are thousands of hotels and other tourist-oriented industries in the city, catering to both vacationers and visiting professionals. Other tourist attractions include museums, sporting and cultural events.
With a share of 15 percent of total overseas arrivals, Germany made up the most of the 31 million tourists to Turkey in 2011 alone, while Russians seconded with 9.4 percent. Iran, the UK and Bulgaria are also among the top 5 tourist senders to Turkey with respective shares of 8 percent, 6.5 percent and 6 percent. Turkey is expected to top 33 million tourists in 2012.
Sources: Wikipedia, NBSO Turkey
Car Hire in Turkey with MisterHire.Com
As we continuously aim to provide the lowest of prices and best inclusive car hire deals to our leisurely customers and most frequent business travelers, your support is most valuable to our operation, as we can push for low prices (or worse case scenario, keep current prices for next year) for you the year to come. Since Turkey is ever becoming a most popular holiday destination, reliably hiring a specific model car during the Summer months is proving ever so difficult. Our serviced Car rental locations in Turkey include the major cities of Istanbul, Dalaman, Ankara and Bodrum. MisterHire.Com also allows for car rental in the airports of Samsun, Konya, Trabzon, Urgup Nevsehir and Van, amongst others. Any of our rental cars comes either with a manual or automatic gearbox, depending on your needs and preference at the time of booking, its always a good (and will prove to be a most comfortable) idea in seeking to book an air conditioned vehicle at all times!
Speed limits in Turkey
Speed limits for automobiles have recently been increased from 90 km/hour to 110 km/h (56 mph to 68 mph) on divided intercity highways following changes to the highway traffic regulations.