Total area: 385 252 km² (148,747 sq. miles)
Population: 4,920,305 inhabitants (1 January 2011)
Norway is a Constitutional Monarchy and all state affairs run through a government system of Parliamentary democracy.
Today Norwegians are living longer than ever before. The general health of the population is very good, and the infant mortality rate is extremely low. Literacy is virtually 100per cent and most of the adult population has completed upper-secondary schooling. There is no extreme poverty in Norway, and the relative poverty level is low compared to other OECD countries.
The GDP per capita is high, and wealth is relatively equally distributed among the population. There is a high degree of gender equality at all levels of society. In keeping with its welfare orientation, Norway has implemented a universal, public health service financed by tax revenues and a national insurance scheme, applicable to all citizens and residents, that provides a host of social benefits.
Both public and private consumption have increased enormously since 1900, and the wealth of the last few decades is primarily due to the discovery and exploitation of subsea oil and natural gas deposits in the North Sea.
Norway has an indigenous Sami population, as well as five national minorities, defined as groups with long association with Norway.
The Norwegian economy is generally characterized as a mixed economy - a capitalist market economy with a clear component of state influence. In that respect, Norway is a highly developed, industrial country with an open, export-oriented economy.
Currently listed as one of the richest countries in the world, it also achieves consistent top-rankings in regards to overall health and housing standards, life expectancy and high standards of living.
The high level of material wealth is partly due to an abundance of natural resources, and partly due to Norway’s inclusion in the industrialization of Western Europe, as a direct result of its proximity to major markets. Norway has actively implemented the restructuring measures needed to achieve economic growth. Extensive trade agreements, links and contacts with other countries have given Norwegian industry a foundation on which to develop an advanced economy. Investments in production equipment are in continuously upscale levels, improvements in education and further studies, as well as technical and organizational expertise in industry and public administration have also helped to promote growth.
The involvement of the state in many parts of the Norwegian industry is gradually declining, in keeping with the deregulation and privatization processes taking place throughout the industrialized world.
Source: SSB Norway
More than any other parts of Norway, its southern and western parts experience more precipitation and have milder winters than its southeastern parts. The lowlands around Oslo have the warmest and sunniest summers but also combine features of cold weather and snow in wintertime, especially further inland.
Because of Norway's high latitude, there are large seasonal variations in its daylight. From late May to late July, the sun never completely descends beneath the horizon in areas north of the Arctic Circle (hence Norway is often described as the "Land of the Midnight Sun"), while the rest of the country experiences up to 20 hours of daylight per day. Conversely, from late November to late January, the sun never rises above the horizon in the north, and daylight hours are very short in the rest of the country.
Norwegian Tourism in Numbers
Norway received close to 4.3 Million overseas visitors in 2009 with similar numbers in 2010. As per 2008 it’s the 43th most popular country in tourist arrivals. (Source: World Tourism Rankings). The nationalities of visitors to Norway vary greatly, but the top 16 overseas countries and territories providing overnight commercial overseas guest nights in Norway for 2010 were:
1. Germany – 1,632,045 20.0%
2. Rest of Europe – 1,017,721 13.0%
3. Sweden – 942,070 12.0%
4. Denmark – 907,792 11.0%
5. Netherlands – 799,180 10.0%
6. UK – 519,036 6.0%
7. France – 318,072 4.0%
8. USA – 315,437 3.0%
9. Spain – 245,461 3.0%
10. Poland – 234,088 3.0%
11. Italy – 222,451 3.0%
12. Russia – 172,792 2.0%
13. Rest of Asia – 165,183 2.0%
14. Japan – 104,014 1.0%
15. China – 68,133 0.6%
16. South Korea – 38,008 0.4%
(2010 Overnight Guests by country - Source: Key Figures Tourism Norway TØI report 1135/2011)
Car Hire in Norway with MisterHire.Com
Norway is world-known for its magnificent-looking fjords, gracious mountains, the rugged terrain and tis wondrous sunlight-shedding glaciers. It is therefore a popular destination for tourists looking to enjoy skiing and other snow relating activities. A significant number of our car rental bookings in Norway, opt to rent 4x4 vehicles at large, which seem to be more than capable of handling the mountainous terrain and rugged countryside, coupled with the presence of snow and general icy conditions. During certain times of the year and mostly in Winter, fitting snow tyres on your hire car in Norway, is a compulsory requirement. If you are happy with our price and planning a book your car rental deal in Norway with us, you will see that our car model search options presented on step 2 of our secure online booking process include snow tires in your quotation. Additional optional extras you can add onto your car rental booking are ski racks, baby safety seats, Satellite Navigation and additional drivers where necessary.
When catering the car hire needs of large groups of people, we offer a great selection of self-driven minivans or minibuses that can be pre-booked Online and picked up from most popular Norwegian spots; cars included amongst others are Fords, Toyotas and Mitsubishi Pajero’s (knows as Shoguns in some parts of Europe). The online rate quoted to you, is the end rate and there will be no hidden extras. Rental Rates are always inclusive of collision damage waiver & theft waiver insurances, unlimited mileage and breakdown assistance.
In general the speed limit for cars on Norwegian roads is 80 kilometres per hour (48 mph).
• Residential areas: Sometimes as low as 30 kilometres per hour (18 mph). Watch out for speed control bumps, they are not always signposted.
• Built-up areas/town centres: All vehicles 50 kilometres per hour (30 mph).
• Dual carriageways and motorways: Either 90 kilometres (55 mph) per hour or 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph) for cars. Motor vehicles with a highest permissible gross weight of more than 3.5 tonnes and motor vehicles towing caravans/trailers may not exceed 80 kilometres per hour (48 mph) even if the local speed limit is higher. Motor vehicles towing a caravan/trailer without brakes with a gross weight of over 300 kilos (660 lbs) , may not exceed 60 kilometres per hour (36 mph) even if the local speed limit is higher.
Sources: About Wikipedia, Visit Norway